Ayurvedic Herbs

List of all herbs and their properties

Patranga Herb


A tree grows upto 30 ft. in height. Stem – Prickly, 15 to 25 cm in diameter. Branches – Armed with small prickles. Leaves – Compound, 20 to 40 cm long, pinnae are 8 to 12 pairs, 10 to 15 cm long, small prickles are seen at the base. Leaflets are 10 to 18 pairs, 1 to 2 cm long and 1 cm wide, subsessile, glabrous above and puberulous beneath. Inflorescence – Panicle, terminal and also seen in the axils of upper leaves 30 to 40 cm long. Flowers – yellow in colour. Fruits – Pods 7.5 to 10 cm long, 4 to 5 cm wide, woody, obliquely oblong, subcompressed. In dehiscent with a hard recurved short beak at the upper angle will have 3 to 4 seeds.

Properties (Gunadharma)

  1. Rasa- Kasaya, Madhura, Tikta
  2. Vipak- Katu
  3. Virya- Sheeta
  4. Guna-Ruksha

Specific Parts :

  1. Sara
  2. Doshaghnata
  3. Kapha- Pittashamak.

Benefits :

It is useful in atisara as stambhana. In raktapitta as shonitasthapana. It is also useful in unmade, apasmara as akshepahara; as kusthaghna and dahashamak. Its decoction should be given internally and used as uttarabasti as thereby it acts as stambhana in rakta and shvetapradara.

  1. – Dried heartwood used against inflammation.
  2. – Decoction is used as diuretic.
  3. – Roots, stems and seeds used as sedative and vulnerary.

It is also known as ” Kuchandan ” in dhanwantari and rajnighntu churna of Patranga used for vranaropan and raktasthambh


In case of rohini application of Patanga(Caesalpiniasappan) with sugar and honey is much beneficial.

Improve renal functions

  1. A Bark decoction is given.
  2. Itches, urticaria and rashes
  3. Heart wood paste with coconut milk is applied externally.
  4. Thirst and urinary disorders due to diabetes
  5. Heart wood decoction is taken before sleep.

Formulation (Kalp):

  1. Pittangasav.
  2. Dosage :
    1. Quatha- 40 to 80 ml.
    2. Powder -2 to 4 gm.